Roy, S., City Waste Bioenergy Solutions(free)
Biomass is an energy source which is a stable alternative to petroleum. In addition to transportation fuel, biomass can be used to generate electricity in rural areas. The UK has responded to the EU Renewable Energy Directive by committing to generate15% of its energy requirement from renewable sources by 2020. While first and second generation of biomass is an important feedstock, there are also emerging technologies which make use of municipal, commercial, industrial waste stream will supplement or replace petroleum and diesel derivatives.
Keywords: Advanced Biofuel, Municipality waste to biofuel, Renewable energy, New bioproducts, New biogas, Algae to biogas, Non food biomass, What is biogas?
Different biotechnology solutions can potentially be combined to create “ecosystems” in which we use natural inputs including materials discarded or natural waste, expend minimum amount of energy and do not produce any waste. Biotechnology solutions in general should produce renewable energy which is affordable, sustainable with economic and environmental benefits. Biotechnology plants should consider infrastructure required including the availability of clean water requirements, quality and quantity of feedstock availability, feed stock pretreatment process requirements, disposal of waste and emission regulation requirements.