Anaerobic digestion (AD) of biosolids has become a well-established process for treating biosolids. Sludge dewatering reject liquors from mesophilic anaerobic digestion (MAD) can represent a significant amount of the overall nitrogen load of the receiving sewage treatment works. This is especially true in case of combined application of thermal hydrolysis (THP) of biosolids and in case of sludge (cake) imports. Dedicated effective separate treatment of these sidestream dewatering liquors is paramount to mitigate any adverse negative effect on the receiving main sewage treatment works.
Long term operational experience of several sidestream case studies on treatment of (THP) MAD dewatering reject liquors will be presented and discussed. The sidestream treatment plants discussed have an Anammox® reactor as core technology for the removal of ammoniacal nitrogen. The Anammox® process is a single stage continuous aerated system using aerobic granular sludge (AGS) as active biomass.
Examples of lessons learnt include the addition of micro-nutrients overcoming any deficiencies of essential trace elements. Furthermore, the potentially inhibiting characteristics of THP-MAD reject liquor was successfully mitigated by various measures like pre-aeration and addition of dilution water. The sidestream plants demonstrated excellent performance in handling large fluctuations in load and composition producing effluent with stable low concentrations of ammoniacal nitrogen (NH4) and BOD.
Anaerobic digestion, Anammox, ammonia removal, Phospaq, Sidestream treatment, Thermal hydrolysis, THP
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Driessen, W., van Veldhoven, J.T.A., Janssen, M.P.M. & van Loosdrecht, M.C.M. 2020 Treatment of sidestream dewatering liquors from thermally hydrolysed and anaerobically digested biosolids. Water Practice and Technology WPT Vol 15 No 1. pp. 142-150. doi: 10.2166/wpt.2020.007
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